Bone Structure Mandible bone, lower jaw bone

The lower part of the face, in humans and many mammals, the only couple in the bone, is located.
There are three part, in the middle, the sides Mandible body, two arms Mandible.
Mandible body; Span is a rear-facing horseshoe-shaped, and a convex front face, a concave rear face, top and rear face, top and bottom shows the two sides.

Pre-face, on the Central line, two half-bone, occurring in the first merger of age, below the top above the base, triangular-shaped ridge, most prominent on the center line under çeneucu triangle and its location, çeneucu overhang (the triangle shape is different according to the party, The broad base of cases, the tubercles on the side angles are called tubercle menthol). This projection, starting from side to side, back and up, the front edge of the right arm of the Mandible crest, is called the linea oblique. This is above the line and Mandible's object, in the middle of the upper and the lower edge of the hole two holes çeneucu. This hole is located at the level many times from less than two little.

The rear face, and on the Central line as close to the bottom edge, both top and bottom both, many times appearing as irregular, four spinose ridge, is called spina mandibulares. The adhesive on the name of the muscles on top of this pair of thorns, spina genioglossi musculi; middle line, a vertical case, adjacent to each other in the lower spines, the spine is called musculi geniohyoidei. The thorns in succession starting from the outward and upward to the line is called linea mylohyoidea that this branch of the lower jaw, the front edge, extends to the inner lip. This line, separated into two sections back, upper and lower jaw spines near the front section shows the pit, foveal sublingualis, located on the rear section and a wider front to back in the foveal depression submandibularis name is longer .. Mandible on the back side of the body in the near and parallel to the linea milohyoidea'nın behind him in the gutter, which is called the sulcus milohyoideus, piyeste, in which blood vessels and nerves will be the same name.

Edges; Mandible body in the upper edge of the tooth sockets in the roots of teeth that Mandible this aside, is called margo alveolaris.

Lower margins, thick blunt and pürtüksüzdür. This is over the edge, in the oval next to them in the middle of the line aspect ratio, which piyeste biventeris'dir fossa musculi, two-bellied muscle in the neck has this name because of adhesion.

Mandible arm, back and sides of the object in the two arms, rectangular shaped, flattened from top to bottom and back to front and sides as the direction, are seen. Thus, with two hundred dörtkenar içyan dışyan and will be reviewed.

Dışyan face, arm, face it, at the bottom of the rough surface, which is called maseter knobs. muscle adhesion occurred in the same name.

İçyan face, this face on the lower part of the rough surface, adhesion to the internal pterygoid muscle is pürtüğü, tuberosity is pterygoidea name. This hole in the middle of the face, mouth Mandible channel. Mandible teeth to pass through the blood vessels and nerves, the base of the hole above front of them, this is a half-funnel-shaped spikes on the ledge, Spix is called thorn. This is down from the hole and forward, parallel to the linea mylohyoidea'ya groove, we have seen on the back of the object.

Mandible arm içyan many small holes on the face-off has to pass through blood vessels and nerves.

Sides, front edge, two-lipped, above the top of its base, below is the form of a triangle yüzcük; içdudak, and extends below the linea mylohyoidea dişbudağa are looking at the more obscure.

Dışdudak, if a sharp edge and extends below the linea oblique.
Below the base of the front edge between the two lip triangular-shaped surface, the concave side of the lower part of içyan, ahead of the base, triangular-shaped depressions and show people that crime, it is called trigonum etromolare.

Rear edge, thick and blunt and detailed in the form of an S light.
Lower edge; Mandible's object, with the bottom edge extends. Rear edge of the junction of the arm angle with the bottom edge of the object, is called angulus mandibulae.

Sometimes on the bottom of the groove edge, belong to facial artery.
The upper edge, front and rear overhang with the combination of the two shows a notch.
The front overhang, rear overhang processus muscularis, processus arücularis notch between them, is called the incisura mandibulae.

November projection, is in the form of the triangle, the face dışyan pürtüksüz, içyan face shows that the comb from top to bottom, and below the crest bucinatoria name with a lip extending from the inner edge of the crest on the front ramus'un, piyeste muscle adhesion to the same name.

This is the front edge of the ledge, the front edge of the outer lip and extends ramus'un. Help to make the rear edge of the incisura mandibulae. Ledge base that are combined with blunt ramus'la Hill.
The joint protrusion; major axis of oblong and outside to the inside, from the front of a ledge. At the same time, front to back "with flat front and rear view of the ledge, above the base, a neck thicker topping ramus'ta form a triangle of a united, görünüşündedir. This is a blunt base of the triangle, and its forward and upward sloping line, suitable for large axes. a concave depression on the front face of the ledge, the back shows both transverse and vertical convexity.

Joint ledge (processus arücularis) has three part. 1) Mandible başçığı base of the triangle area and the blunt and lokmamsı track name, 2) combining başçığı ramus'a narrow tracks, Mandible neck;
3) is the second part of the head başçıkla depressions in the face on the front of the neck. found on the bottom front of your head and. In the form of a triangular prism can be considered the whole of the bones of the face. The base of the prism top and the bottom two, three, including two sides and a rear side, one front, two rear, there are three sides.

Upper floor, the front section of the base of the head with her ​​frequent fits and, as a united.
Sub-base; skeleton boşdur; Mandible body in this place with the bottom edge of the line drawn between the gonion'lar sınırlatılır: piyeste this place fills the mouth organs of the upholstery.

Cheek on the side faces, üstçene, Mandible and nasal bones are the outer faces.
The rear face, a rear-facing concavity opening shows vomer'in the back edge of the middle, the rear vents on the sides nasal cavities, overhangs pterygoid, temporal branch of the six pits and Mandible içyan has to face.

Suture between the nasal bones on the front side, holes on the front of the nose cavities, nasal spurs, tip of the overhang of the jaw has.

Mandible bone also makes the edges of the rear edges of the rear arm.

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