Menteşemsi joint, moves in one direction: for example, finger and elbow
Eyerimsi joint, moves in two directions: for example ankle.
Nodular-socket (spherical) joint moves in all directions: for example, hip and shoulder.
Nodular joint, moves in one direction, but also in a position of rotary and fixed: for example the knee joint.
Elipsimsi joint, but twist and turn makes circular movements: for example, from the bones of the fingers and comb
Styloid joint, only to return: for example, between the head and neck.
Straight joint, the other is moving on the flat surfaces: for example, joints between the ribs and thoracic vertebrae
Structure of the joints
Joints are two or more bone as a joint or combined, to act on the points of each other. Some joints also have to move the entire weight of the body. To do this effectively the pulse sinks and need lubrication. Surrounding the ends of the bones, or, as a cushion between the bones and damaged the cartilage acts as if the bone-absorbing instead produces a new one. Lubrication by the inner wall of the joint capsule with synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane is provided.
Do not play in the bones of a joint, combined, but I still have to be kept in place a piece of flexible: it is called a bond. Links from a bone, joint, connecting the strong fibrous tissue bands solidified. There are many links each joint. Within a capsule of fibrous membrane is located in a mobile joints. This membrane is a dark sticky fluid to lubricate the inner surface of the joints (synovial fluid) is located in the membrane that produces synovial.
A type of inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, a joint normal synovial membrane becomes inflamed and swollen and the pain makes affected. The disease progressed and fluid leaks out and the bone ends of the cartilage cells, membranes iltihaplanan melts. Synovial membrane thickening and eventually spread into the joint cartilage is not only erode the bone ends. Then I kept all of the joint, pain and most likely will be deformed.
Degeneration constructive arthritis (like osteoarthritis) aşındırıp through attrition directly affects the bones. First, cartilage incelip melts, and then ends of the bones grow thicker and protrude into the joint capsule. Ends of the bone begins to rub together, the weak bonds, synovial membrane becomes inflamed due to friction and ultimately bone projections are not hard and very painful joints appear sound
The knee joint, the largest and most complex synovial joint in the body. Here, a large femur (thigh bone) at the two lower leg bones (tibia and bones of the cane) and an extra bone on the front. The knee joint is bent, and gently return to standing, or walking down the leg to carry the weight of the body to stand straight up hip to the ankle fixed in position. This joint arthritis is especially prone to wonder.