Pediatric tooth decay

Tooth decay, tooth decay in children in adults

The most common disease of the teeth against tooth decay should take precautions in time.

Perhaps today's most common disease of dental caries. 90'mda percent of the total population seen. Prevalence not only to persons in the social life of this great damage. States' economy caused by the loss of labor force is extremely large. In addition, insufficient chewing problems, dental caries, caused by local and general diseases also should be noted.

The advance of civilization has a strong relationship between the incidence of dental caries. Prehistoric times, there is a problem, such as dental caries, there were perhaps never understood the Paleolithic Era. Tooth decay is a small enclave of Portugal, the oldest information is located near the Muge up to 200 fossil skulls have been obtained. Paleolithic following the Mesolithic Ages (from the years BC, 10000-6000), which has reached the present day, this remains a very low rate of dental caries. Dental caries in the later Neolithic stage (Polished Stone) Ages settled people pass dealing with agriculture and animal husbandry became widespread. Paleolithic Age, the data applies to the present-day primitive societies. Living in Africa south of luck (Buşmanlar) ever been found between the tooth decay. In addition, the old habits of life continues with the Eskimos settled in cities, provided by today's living and feeding habits of civilization, gained great variation in the observed rate of occurrence of tooth decay among Eskimos.

Importance of nutrition against tooth decay

Different eating habits among the peoples of the statistics showed the important role of nutrition in the formation of dental caries. Feeding schemes based on natural foods in communities, significantly lower incidence of dental caries. II in Europe. During World War II has been reduced dental caries. But after the war, the ratio again reached pre-war and then four or five years after the war, this ratio rose even more determined.

Natural foods diet is probably associated with a reduction based on years of the war. Next, the increase in those born between 1944-48, due to the economic crisis may be due to common rickets. Tooth decay, the ratio between solid and liquid foods, improper eating habits, and even geographical, geological, economic or social status can be effective even.

Hard and raw foods have the effect of cleaning the teeth. They also strengthen the supporting tissues of teeth. Processed foods, nutrition and soft chewing function, reducing the rise in the rate of tooth decay in both an increase in general and also soundness of the preserves until recently seen caused bruises. The food is a violation of a certain hardness, ends and chewing surfaces where roughness flattens over time lead to wear and eliminate food residues accumulate points, had initiated the process of decay. Civilized societies, hard and raw food fed peoples increasingly difficult to find in the typical worn teeth.

A diet rich in carbohydrates is known to facilitate the formation of dental caries. Caries in a long time, mainly because of the sugar acids are shown. Today, a greater variety of factors are known to decay. This process creates very different reasons, and still the subject of debate among experts.

Reasons for tooth decay, rot your teeth Cause

According to a view of chemical theory known as the decay in the mouth caused by the accumulated food residues. Dental tissue mineral composition of this acid residues exposed parts. According to the theory of bacteria in the organic portion of enamel, some bacteria are responsible for the breakup. This section of the second stage decomposes minerals. This approach combines two separate people according to a new theory of food residues and acid producing bacteria isolated, fragmenting support for the tooth mineral. Regulatory environment has an effect on acidity of saliva in the mouth cavity. But this effect is created by bacteria in dental plaque remains inadequate in the face. Environment leads to the formation of plaques and bruises.

Tooth decay in relation to the proposed scientific studies on the cleaning of the mouth, and he had these views. Finally, toothbrushes and tooth paste into daily life. Enamel to prevent decay is responsible for the accumulation of lactic acid in certain areas should be concluded that the elimination of the plate.

Recently, the theory of saliva were taken. According to this theory caries, tooth, saliva, other than the biological fluid with the inner semi-permeable membrane separating organic liquids that function as the product of a complex process. For this reason, disease leading to tissue destruction, vitamins failure, infections and poisoning organism the effects of changes in the circulating fluids also show a tooth. Local causes of caries, hereditary or acquired predisposition may occur due to. According to this approach is of great importance in the prevention of caries in the following factors: diet rich in minerals, vitamins, pregnancy and the first protein to be abundant in childhood, limiting carbohydrate and sugar intake, oral care and attention. Oral care should be directed in particular to prevent the development of plaque. Plates of salivary tissue leak caused by inflamed gums and living on a kind of dice jelatinsi small colonies of bacteria is known to occur. The occurrence of dental diseases is of major importance in the gums. Surrounding the disease and tooth decay causing bacteria, plaque not show a harmful effect. Therefore, the elimination of the plate is very important.


Tooth decay is not known exactly, the uncertainties are still carrying the process. Fast growing and causing extensive destruction of tissue is known that caries a very neglected and diseased mouths. Therefore, prone or resistant to decay in the mouths can be mentioned. But in the defense mechanisms of the mouth is the resistance to decay, or teeth due to their resistance is unknown.

Lower first molars of the youth seen in the period starting with the most teeth decay. Then gradually decreasing rate of decay of the upper first molars and the second largest azılar, at least as seen in the lower. Caries of the tooth crown of the most deep gutters and ledges develops in the region between the teeth. At the neck of the tooth decay is also very common. These diseases usually associated with organic led to decrease the body's weak. Sometimes it can be very hard due to the use of a brush. Mechanical effects such as tooth enamel, also injuring the gingiva may lead to withdrawal. Thus, resistance to decay appears to be less of them minesement.

Wide spread of dental caries in rare cases, only the organic diseases of the tooth is lost too much minerals. This disease weakens the tooth, the defense mechanisms of bacteria makes it easy to settle.

Types of Dental Caries

A small lesion enamel layer enamel layer begins to decay and reach beyond the dentin. More rapid and massive spread in this tissue. Cementum and dentin from enamel caries as hard as mine do not make it easy to penetrate the organic structure of dentin that contains mineral salts suffers much more quickly destroyed. The result is a soft tissue area under the enamel consists of a small cleft. Transparency in this area because of the dark color of the enamel can be seen easily. A hard or decayed dentine chewing food very expansion of the region, the top layer of enamel cracking and decay reveal a lot. Internal carved this type of caries, the enamel layer is largely intact carious region expands. Growth is rapid. Because the violation of food, saliva and dental care free of development provided an opportunity to focus on cleaning out the rest of this decay. Some, such as superficial bruises on the neck of the tooth decay as well as the extent up to give the impression that progresses slowly.

In general, decay, or tooth decay process dişözü nerve to indicate the distance from the surface, are classified as medium-depth and deep bruises.

Only superficial bruises on the initial stages of dentin and enamel layer of the upper part of the impact. Middle of the dentine caries level significantly affected. Which are spread throughout the dentine in deep cavities (pulp), bacteria, and treatment is started off with the death of tissue where the infection deeper into the way pop-up stroke.

Shallow cavities are usually painful symptoms were observed, moderate deep bruises to temperature changes (hot, cold) or some food (sweet, sour, etc.) may be sensitive to. This is born of pain stimuli, the removal of stimulus will be destroyed. Deep cavities bacteria is infected with pain can occur spontaneously or after. The pain is severe and multiple starts. Aching teeth to determine the patient is in difficulty. Published enough cases of infection, pain is not going to go up or down. The pain usually occurs at night, the body horizontal position. Because more blood goes back to that location. Infection spread thoroughly, and the environment are very severe and continuous throbbing pain is spreading.

Determines the properties of the anatomical structure of the tooth pain. Connective tissue, several types of cells, blood vessels and nerve fibers is limited by a space consisting. Chamber called this gap hard and lacks flexibility. Expanding section of the crown of the tooth root and the right incelip chamber extension into a thread-like, and this section is known as root canal.

Groom during inflammation and nerve fibers by printing more expands the blood stream can cause pain. After a certain level to overcome the increasing edema of inflammation leads to a unique pain. Now is irreparable destruction of tissue. Pain alone is cut death. This depends on the process of infection or tissue death, or is provided medical initiative.

To summarize growth of microbes, and this causes the formation of an abscess ends at the death of tissue. Diseases, dental caries can develop independently. Inflammation in infectious diseases or heavy menstrual vision may occur.

The injuries do not cause inflammation or chemical substances such as heavy around the tooth tissue diseases (periodontoz) and gum disease due to infection in his pocket create infection.

All symptoms may not occur at the same time before the death of tissue. Impact of a saw tooth after years of heavy losses known to occur.

Treatment of Tooth Decay, Dental Caries How is it treated

Treatment of caries in the elimination of pain, tissue destruction and tooth anatomical structure of the suspension is for repair.

Superficial and medium depth cavities, tooth decay soft tissue is cleared by carving bur. Disinfected, filled with a filler material consisting of a space.

Deep caries treatment affected the degree of infection determines initiative. Severe tissue destruction, except for a contemporary approach to the treatment of deep caries, aims to protect the vitality of the tooth. Region closest to the focal point of the process of dentin caries for reproduction are stimulated with drugs. Darker than the new dentine. Lacks the original and hard. Defense mechanism of the tooth, which is an indicator of this new formation known as the secondary dentine.
Secondary dentin is an insulating material on top of more soma, and the filler material is placed.

Preserving the vitality of the tooth, removing the path to get there extent devastated. This initiative with the help of anesthesia can be applied in a painless manner. Which decrease or eliminate pain as a sense of local anesthetic agents are given with a needle. The application of drugs containing arsenic into the tooth tissue to die I used to be satisfied . This method is no longer applied, such as root canals to be deduced only at the crown section is cut. Pulpektomi first of these processes, the second pulpatomi known names.

Pulpatomi more fully root canals in children, drug substance or root of the root structure for mounting without passing beyond the initial part of their insides would make it impossible to completely evacuate the extent that the cases are irregular.

Most venture applied. In this method, a special instrument removed from root canals. Expanded after removal of the channels. Objective anti-inflammatory drug substances so as to prevent re-opened channels, placement and tooth root-filled.

Congenital Disorders of enamel

In some extreme cases, the teeth are worn. These cases are all very similar features and is easily recognizable congenital disorders.

Hypoplasia - Stage embryo is due to an unknown reason the enamel of the draft. For this reason, more subtle and irregular enamel develops. Teeth-point or a vertical grooved, dark-stained, yellowish and covered with lines.

Hipokalsifîkasyon - the loss of hardness of enamel due to lack of calcium, accumulation of minerals occurring cessive stage! caused by fluid instabilities. Mine grows weak. The teeth wear out easily and completely. While the teeth dull and. Then blackening. Crown sections are treated as being covered. Maternal febrile illnesses last time mother and fetus harmful factors encountered in developing teeth causing disorder.

Information about dental fillings, dental Fill Types

Dental fillings and the tooth can be made ​​with various substances for re-encoding. These are cement, porcelain, amalgams, silver or gold inlay, sticky, gold, resin, quartz-resin compounds.

Artificial porcelain fillings, also known as silicate-silicate fillers, due to disrupting the natural appearance, especially the front teeth used to fill.

The filler tooth is not sticky, wider than the bottom of a hole for the mouth opens. Silicate groove is inserted into the soft case can not go out because of the special structure of space and hardened prepared.

Saliva during the application need to protect the fill silicate. Degradable wet silicate. Reduces the aesthetic value of lead in blood smear. Will make a strong poison in the effect of fillers properties. For this reason, tissue death, at the beginning of the root or tooth abscess can cause the root . To avoid these complications and fill materials used to isolate the cavity walls are coated silicate. In addition, saliva and blood to avoid filling the mouth cavity and isolated teeth worked on. It is used to puncture during the application of a thin plastic cover and special tools shall be firmly attached to the tooth.

Soft fillings - there are very limited field of use. The metal-plated teeth for a long time or the patient can not use in preparing the infrastructure, even indistinguishable from natural tooth structure, easily used when one wants to fill. These fill quickly wear during chewing movements and must be renewed periodically.

Artificial resins - are widely used in dental filling a short term. Fast adoption easier formation, and aesthetic characteristics of endurance for a long time after application was due. But the colors change over time, the only damage to the organic dentin not proved their dental treatment were largely unavailable. Application areas in dentistry today onarımlarıyla short-term almost exclusively limited to dentures.

Porcelain masonry - Silicate fillings known mainly aesthetic or filling enough periods. Today, very little used. Because as soon as the border line between porcelain teeth are becoming visible. The application is made ​​after a careful cleaning and disinfection. Width of tooth decay in proportion to the drop-down cavity walls are steep and deep. Taken full measure of the cavity, an adhesive material is placed in the bottom of the measures taken and prepared according to the fit in the space provided opened porcelain.

Silver amalgam - Dental fillings silver amal-gamdır the most commonly used substance. Cıvayla made ​​of silver alloy in the form of this fine powder or small flakes, are included in proportion to the amount of mercury may be more or less smooth. Substances without losing its own features creates a solid structure. First, the amalgam is a soft, hardness and resistance to the short period of time wins.

There is no adhesion to silver amalgam. Therefore, beyond the appropriate space must be placed inside. Very good heat conductivity of the tooth-age of increasing the sensitivity to hot and cold is objectionable. Therefore, dental cavity, a layer of heat insulation are laid. One of the features that restrict the use of a color is that eventually oxidize and dull and disagreeable.

Gold - Dental fillings are used forms of solid or very soft. Molten gold cast fillings, preventive dental treatment is usually the best solution between the count. Tissue destruction is progressing very successfully used in cases where the formulation of the teeth again. But tooth decay is seen in multiple cases Do not use spread quickly. Because the edge of the treated cavities often develop secondary caries.

Casting method, molten gold plate method was used compressed prevalence won. Initiative is the hardest to fill this void, the pure gold leaves filled. These are on top of each other tightly bastırılırdı until filling is complete. It prevents you from falling into prepared to fill that gap, as well as the golden leaves of a filler to obtain high-quality allowed the seizure susceptibility. Now, almost never used in place of this method was cheaper than the gold casting technique.

Quartz-resin compounds - both aesthetic and functional as well as a filler material gives very good results. Gained importance in the brightness of the front teeth, back teeth provide the least resistance to abrasion. Hardness quartz, resin is due to the brightness. Moreover, unlike resins, these resins normally contain methyl methacrylate. Acrylic acid is a derivative of this substance, and time distort the color of the resin.

Ways to protect against tooth decay, "Healthy Living" can be found skin.

Tooth decay, which occurs at an early age?

Dental decay at any age, a disease that can occur in young children. Bruises should be treated in an appropriate way.

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