Anesthesia and Postoperative Pain Management

Following surgery, the patient's surgery began undertaken or planned by an anesthesia specialist treatment that is applied through a variety of methods. If you do not have any objection to the patient's eating and drinking, and if it is not too severe pain with oral analgesic tablets for adults, children and even drops of syrup and suppositories for pain control by giving it tries to be. Paracetamol, codeine-containing pain relievers or antienfla inflammatory drugs such as indomethacin and derivatives, alone or together, are used for this purpose. Because these drugs have significant side effects of some painkillers should not be used outside of medical supervision.

One of the methods most commonly used in muscle or vein Meperidine (pethidine), narcotic analgesics such as morphine and its derivatives were under the control method of giving pain. In this method, usually 4-6 hours of drugs should be repeated at intervals. With the use of painkiller drugs in the blood 4-6 hours after drug causes a decrease in the level before the rise. Reduction in drug blood levels begin to decline shows the effect of the drug. Impact of weak periods, pain intensity gradually increases. However, postoperative pain medication blood level is kept constant and the methods are known to be controlled much better.

With this knowledge into a vein painkiller drugs are pumped continuously at low doses, and new methods have been developed at a slower rate. "Patient-controlled pain treatment" in this method, called an instrument, the serum into the set and safe analgesic dose of drugs within the boundaries of pre-programmed at a constant speed pumps into a vein. The tool has a locking system. In this way, for example, an additional dose 30 minutes before the end. be prevented. If the initial dose is not sufficient to reduce the severity of pain in the patient himself with an interval of 30 minutes, additional small doses of intravenous pump. In this method, all doses are programmed by the physician. The physician should never be without the knowledge of an application.

Pain is the way to control the blood vessels outside the spinal cord is a way the other way. Membranes covering the spinal cord within the spinal cord to the environment or with administration of drugs in the epidural space, which is one of pain can be controlled. A catheter is placed in this region. This catheter or from time to time according to the severity of pain or pain can be prevented by giving the drug continuously through the pump. Pain on this method are under control.

Both spinal and epidural patient-controlled pain treatment and pain control on a range of methods are usually used narcotic analgesics. Sometimes narcotic analgesics, spinal cord and epidural local anesthetics may be added when using the road.

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