What is bronchitis Lung Inflammatory (Bronchopneumonia)

Bronchial mucosa of air sacs (alveoli) can be done until the acute inflammation. Antibiotics are used in treatment.

Lungs breathing tube carrying the inhaled air in the bronchi, bronchioles, that culminated at the end of dallandıkça incelerek numerous air sacs (alveoli) connected tubules. Thin-walled air sacs through broncho oxygen in the air entering the bloodstream through the capillary network is moved to the tissues. Metabolic events that occur in tissues via the blood stream resulting from carbon dioxide in the air keseciklerinin still covering the walls of the capillaries in revenue. This explanation suggests the respiratory tract, such as air follicles gas exchange to occur, allowing the transmission of air structures in the bronchi. Bronchi through the mouth and nose to be accessible to the external environment, external environment conditions are significantly affected by the negative leads. Bacteria, harmful substances such as dust and gas along with the air inhaled directly reach the bronchi. But many defense system equipped with the bronchi. Foreign substances that control the transition is extremely effective in the nose and yutakta must overcome obstacles. Succeeded in this, a large number of the cell, and bronchial wall covering salgısıyla fed by a set of encounters a layer of mucus. In addition, a cleaning system is also composed of epithelial cells that are shaky pile. This is like trying to brush the feathers of foreign substances and mucus out of the sweeps continuously. But the emergence of conditions that reduce the effectiveness of protective systems, or excessive loading of these systems become infected, depending on the bronchi. As a result of frequent and usually not considered a disease which occurs in bronchitis. This is an acute inflammation of the bronchial tree to reach thin branches of the lung tissue surrounding the spread bronchopneumonitises, that would be turned into a bronchial-pulmonary inflammation.

Causes of Lung Inflammation of the bronchial

The cause of bronchopneumonia streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, and the Friedlander bacillus bacteria, such as found in a few or sometimes alone.

In most cases of bronchial-pulmonary inflammation, laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx) and pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx), upper respiratory tract, such as viruses or bacteria occurs after inflammation of origin. Upper respiratory tract disease caused inflammation is often secondary to general diseases (complications), as it occurs. These complications in children with influenza, whooping cough, measles and diphtheria, typhoid fever in adults, brucellosis (Malta fever), infectious diseases such as septicemia, as well as heart failure, poisoning and surgical procedures, as a result, reduces the body's resistance is due to development of all kinds.

Bronchial-pulmonary inflammation factors in preparing:

• Long-term bed rest in patients with blood pooling in lower lobes of the lung.
• Difficulty in swallowing due to stroke, especially in patients with bronchial tree, food, mucus, foreign bodies, such as contaminated materials to escape.
• bronchial obstruction as a result of lung tumor formation in a region is unable to take the air

Symptoms of Lung Inflammation of the bronchial

Initial symptoms of bronchial-pulmonary infection is usually fever or other upper respiratory symptoms of disease similar to an organ. Impairing the patient's general state of inflammation in the developing fever, fatigue, malaise, cough and sometimes bloody sputum may be, leads to symptoms such as increased heart rate and respiration rate. In some cases, severe headache, more severe symptoms such as delusions or absent-mindedness can be seen. Sometimes it is difficult to notice mild symptoms.

Unlike lung inflammation of bronchial-pulmonary infection may develop in very different ways. The symptoms are almost non-existent at the extent, short-term as well as a very mild cases of acute and severe, long-lasting or recurrent cases are also common.

Bronchial Lung Inflammation Diagnosis and Diagnostic

Typical cases of bronchial-pulmonary infection is very easy to diagnose. In particular,
• upper respiratory infections during the fall fever rises again;
• begins to cough and sputum production;
• general condition rapidly deteriorates.

This data can then be secured in a chest film, which is enough to consider the possibility of bronchial-pulmonary infection.

But diagnosis is not so easy to reach all the time. Especially heart disease, emphysema and chronic respiratory tract infections such as chronic bronchitis or other diseases, which distorts the overall status of the elderly, as well as different symptoms can occur in people addicted to alcohol: almost no fire. However, the overall situation is very bad and circulation, increased heart rate and respiratory rate, tongue dry and red. Cough is less. Loss of appetite are continuous. Konulamazsa timely diagnosis of disease can be fatal.

Even the most severe cases, newly developed antibiotics in the treatment of bronchial-pulmonary infection greatly increased the success rate than before.

Bronchial Inflammation of Lung Disease Duration

Sometimes as little as a week to go through the disease-sufficient. Sometimes it may take longer to decline and exacerbations. Exacerbations usually develops in the lungs as a result of new infection foci. The most severe cases, is due to more than one microbe. For example, with influenza virus in the presence of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, such as the illness.

Antibiotic treatment of patients with improvement in symptoms of illness are provided with one or two days after the lighter and the fire gradually decreases. However, structural abnormalities resolve more slowly. Upon examination, chest wheezing sounds heard for a long time that it will relax. Radiological examination of the decline and disappearance of the symptoms of the disease also finds a few weeks. So late due to recovery of the results of the inspection and radiographic examination, foci of inflammation in the lungs caused by a slow recovery. Indeed, antibiotics alone will destroy the bacteria responsible for the infection. But do not make an impact with bronchial-pulmonary infection, clean çabuklaştırıcı. Therefore, by looking at the loss of antibiotic therapy was discontinued the symptoms of fever and cough, can cause tissue re-growth of bacteria.

New complications in patients treated with inadequate or wrong, especially inflammation of the membrane can be seen in the lung. In the meantime, fever, cough, sputum, respiratory distress symptoms, such as it takes. In rare cases become chronic disease spread for a long time.

Chronic cases, the disease factor that will reveal the exact format used in diagnostic methods. Thus, the effect of treatment was reviewed and the most appropriate antibiotic selection is made.

Lung Bronchial Inflammation Treatment, Treatment

Antibiotics. Antibiotic therapy is based on the foundation of the bronchial-pulmonary infection. The patients treated by infectious agent or agents to reveal the culture of bacteria, then antibiotics were more sensitive detection of these bacteria with antibiotic due to be carried out more successfully. Investigations will be made ​​to cough up mucus sample taken generally do not cause disease in other microbes that dish creates great difficulty in reaching the correct diagnosis. Therefore, some special methods have to be applied.

To get rid of the inevitable presence of bacteria in the sputum of misleading direct broncho may be required to be examined, for example. Instruments such as the bronchi extended bronchoscope is used, this process is applied to patients with chronic bronchitis. In acute cases the patient's general condition is very bad because, as well as antibiotic treatment should begin immediately girişilemez time-consuming investigations. Despite initiation of antibiotic treatment of acute bronchial-pulmonary disease gerilemezse membrane inflammation, the above-mentioned process is to determine the original antibiotics becomes mandatory. The following data is enough to to guide antibiotic therapy in general.

• The patient's background. His / her health status earlier in relation to the patient or relatives tell.

• Epidemiological situation. Common cause of infection in the community from the hospital, or at least know the types of bacteria found in patients. The determination of sensitivity to various antibiotics against these bacteria.

• Symptoms and severity of these symptoms. Based on these data, especially in patients with impaired general condition and severe cases are diagnosed as soon as trending against bacteria may begin treatment immediately.
Other medications help. Except for antibiotics in the treatment of acute bronchial-pulmonary infection, stimulates the central nervous system, heart and circulation booster, relieving cough medicines, vitamins are used. In addition, relaxation, well-ventilated and heated environments, presence, nutritious, easy to digest, but overall health and nutritional measures are taken, such as eating food.

You Want to Know

What are the general characteristics of the lungs?

One of the chest cavity to the right people, the other located to the left lung has two. They suspected the top of the lung (pleura) covers. Spongy, flexible, and roughly conical shape. Each one of the top of the base narrows yuvarlaklaşırken creates a large surface. Colors of grayish white children, the elderly, due to foreign substances accumulated in the dark respiratory taking.

Respiratory function should be the air entering the lungs?

The importance of respiratory diseases and allergic conditions, especially the composition of the air thoroughly revealed. Oxygen in the air, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and water vapor rates at appropriate levels should be continuous. The air temperature change. In addition, the air of dust, pollen, bacteria, fungal spores must be free from such foreign materials as possible.

Respiratory system Is there a mechanism to clean the impurities in this kind?

The front section of the nose hairs, fed by secretions of the mucous layer of specialized cells, epithelial cells of hairy lymph circulation and the removal of pathogenic factors important protection mechanisms against foreign substances in the air inhaled form.

Climate and environmental conditions adversely affect the respiratory process can facilitate the formation of bronchial-pulmonary diseases?

People are quite difficult to determine the most suitable climatic conditions. But the people themselves often feel better in a warm atmosphere in a cold environment is a fact. Studies, spiritual and physical activities most suitable temperature for 4 ° C-21 ° C show that. As a result, rapid cooling of the body, such as rapid temperature changes and associated changes in the heat of the environment, excessive smoking and excessive air pollution in adverse effects on his health conditions, it can be said that factors such as respiratory infections, mainly preparatory items.

Rapid changes in air temperature, air pollution and cause excessive cigarette smoking leads to lung and respiratory diseases?

All these factors reduce the strength of the defense of the organism provides the opportunity to disease germs multiply in the respiratory tract.

Does alcohol increase susceptibility to bronchial-pulmonary disease?

Alcohol has the effect of such a course. This effect is both direct and respiratory reflexes, as well as the response of the organism to infections caused by zayıflatmasından.

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