Types of Human Bone and Bone Number

There are 206 bones in an adult human being. 26 vertebrae, 25 ribs and sternum
At 22, a hyoid, 64 üsttaraf and 62 alttaraf, 6 ear bones, mecmuu 206 The number of bones in the knee cap (patella), although there are also susarnsı (sesamoid) bones there.

External appearance of the bones, the bones are different shapes according to their own characters. However, by comparing the size of the bones of one another can be divided into three groups, types of bone;

1) the long bones.
2) flat bones,
3) short bones.

A long bones (Os longum), length, width and thickness is more. A shaft of long bones (diaphysis), the two extremes (epihysis) are available. Solo collar bone, clavicle, these three tracks there.

Diaphysis of the bones in general, three hundred prismatic (humerus, femur, etc.).

A flat bones (os my plan), the length and width, thickness is more. Flat bone, flat bone, depending on how each of the two hundred shows different sides (such as the hip bone).

A short bones (Os breve) in all three dimensions roughly equal to each other (like the bones of the wrist).

Aspects of the bones are the meanings of terms used in the Latin and Turkish

Aditus (Mouth - Entered): A space to be entered into the place.
Ala (wing): Kanata-like protrusion.
Antrum (antrum): The cave is in the air is full of meaning and the walls of the bone cavity, covered with mucous.
Canalis (Channel): Around the thin, long way off.
Condyle (Socket - Condylar): Round pürtüksüz and more joint
ürtülü with protruding cartilage.
Crista (crest - Crista): steep and steep side bones.
Eminentia (offset): offset large roundabout.
Eplcondylus (Lokmaüstü - epicondyle): In a roundabout on the joint projection of a smaller ledge.
Foramen (hole): A space or other space in a canal connecting the mouth of the hole. "
Fossa (pit): Bone in the recesses of the pit
Fovea - Fossula (Çukurcuk)
Hiatus (cleft) in the form of cracks or slit groove.
Labium (lip): Thick edges coast.
Lamina - Lamella (Lam - Fin): leaves thin and flat bone.
Ligula - Lingıda (Dilcik): small language similar to the protrusions.
Linea (Line): Narrow long and flattened the small knobs.
Meatus (Mea): Short cut or yolağzı
Processus (Offset - processus): a long overhang. Sine (Sine): Inside the mucosa and bone in a closed space (sinus anatomy, space, and the cup does not mean that other entities are also used for).
Spina (Spike): sharp-pointed projection.
Squama (Skuama): mother of pearl shell-like bone section
Sulcus (groove): Length indent.
Trochlea (Roller): Roller-like protrusion face.
Tuber (mound): Tuber shaped bulge.
Tubercle (tubercle) in the form of tubercle ridge.
Tuberosity (Pürtük - tüberozitas) in the presence of knobs on it.
Uncus (hook): hook protrude format.

Feeder channels of the bones

There are many holes on the surface of the bones, they are called feeder canal and blood vessels pass through the openings on fine outlets. One or more of them are long, long bones, bone cavity goes up, the numbers of many of the other kanalcıklar short, there is the articular surface of the kanalcıklar bones, long and flat bones is one of the main feeder canal is located in the main feeding artery. This channel in the artery in long bones, there came up into the bone channel is divided into two, and go up to them epiphyses. Nerves, arteries and veins are associated. A network of lymph vessels in the periosteum and bone tissue, lymph vessels, agreed more study is in existence, never been found in bone marrow.

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