Superior vena cava syndrome

Lung and mediastinum to a tumor or some disease in the superior vena cava taking an edition of the "superior vena cava syndrome" in cases of superficial veins of the chest expansion husule collateral and income. The main clinical symptoms in the face, neck and chest, edema, hyperemia (pletori), increased venous pressure in the top half of the body of headache, dizziness and feeling of choking, coughing, difficulty swallowing, drowsiness, and dyspnoea. The main causes of superior vena cava syndrome of malignant tumors. In rare cases of benign diseases caused by "benign superior vena cava syndrome" is. For Diagnostic computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used consulted. Venography is necessary. Extension of time will cause an increase in venous pressure and circulatory disease. Where there is blockage Venografi'de funnel-shaped appearance of benign superior vena cava syndrome is an important finding.
The main causes of superior vena cava syndrome in benign medias-tinitis (tuberculosis and other infections), benign tumors, aortic aneurysm, pericarditis, heart diseases and surgical intervention.

Clinical symptoms of benign superior vena cava syndrome is difficult to diagnose. Important to have a prognosis of the disease is insidious and slowly progressive, it takes months and years. However, in malignant superior vena cava syndrome, there is rapid progress, this period can be measured several weeks.
Developing an effective collateral circulation in cases of disease shows a more benign clinical presentation. Collateral circulation beyond the region of obstruction is related santiarla.

The treatment of benign superior vena cava syndrome is usually symptomatic. In some cases, surgery is a good result.

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