Kaposi's sarcoma in AIDS Lymphoma Cancers

Aids and Cancer

During the course of AIDS, some cancers more often seen as remarkably. These are Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma, tongue, rectum and anus cancer.

What is Kaposi's sarcoma

Kaposi's sarcoma for the first time in 1872, Dr. Described by Kaposi's, his name mentioned is a rare tumor. Most places close to the hands and feet, purple, or brown-red colors in the form of raised skin lesions of this type of cancer is rare in the Western world. Rather, the later age is seen in people of Mediterranean and Eastern Europe. In contrast, 11 percent of cancers, and its forms are very common in the Congo. However, since 1979 the United States, homosexual men were frequently observed in Kaposi's sarcoma. They have in common, they all oluşlarıydı AlDS'li. Over time, where one third of patients with Kaposi's sarcoma AlDS'li understood.
Deridedir the most common form of the disease. Rather, the legs, arms, and will be going to a show which lasted for years. However, Kaposi's sarcoma in patients AlDS'li rapid progresses, the skin has spread to other places (lymph nodes, lungs, bones and intestines) and one year, lost 40 percent of such patients are identified.

AIDS and Kaposi's sarcoma is a common genetic trait in people is: Here, tissue groups were found higher in HLA-DR-5. This effect suggests that a hereditary. The main factor in sarcoma, AlDS'lilerde conclusions about the increasingly frequent in the above-mentioned Cytomegalovirüsü stronger.

Drug treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma and radiotherapy (radiation) are scheduled. Beam small areas of disease, widespread disease matches the cancer (chemotherapy) is treated. These drugs are most effective among the etoposide (VP-16) and vinblastin'dir. In addition, to increase the body's immune agents, interferon, the effect of high doses are Kaposi's sarcoma. The same purpose, retinoids (13-cis retinoic acid) and by isoprinosine substances are being tested.

What's lymphoma, the symptoms of lymphoma, Lymphoma Treatment

Lymphomas, tumors of the lymph glands. AlDS'li as many as 5-15 per cent of patients seen in lymphomas. These are non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphomas are divided into two groups defined as non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are seen more and AlDS'lilerde. Especially non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are of two types AlDS'de:

a. Burkitt's lymphoma.
b. Lymphoblastic lymphoma.

Burkitt's lymphoma, Epstein-Barr virus is likely. This virus is very common in central Africa, Burkitt's lymphoma in the same area and is also very. We have seen above that the infection of this virus AlDS'lilerde. Burkitt's lymphoma, face and jaw (African type), like swelling, abdominal masses in the (American type) can pose.
Lymphoma therapy, radiation therapy in early circuits, advanced circuit boards drug therapy (chemotherapy) is used. Sometimes you may need to use with either form of treatment.

Other Cancers

Among the other cancers in patients AlDS'li mouth, anus (rectum) and rectum cancers are. These damaged tissues during sexual activity, and the herpes virus infections in these patients is thought to cause these cancers. Crane type of herpes virus mouth-tongue cancer, herpes virus type 2 of cancers of the rectum and anus is.

The occurrence of various cancers in patients AlDS'li that there is a tendency to explain the following way: First, LAV / HTLV-III infection, the virus does enter the body and destroys the immune system. The back of the opportunistic infections (cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus or herpes simplex viruses I and II) that invaded the body creates these viruses with cancers and we have seen above.

If this hypothesis is correct, the probability of cancer is expected to go parallel to viral infections. Indeed it is. Among the group of patients most AlDS'li viruses, a group of gay men, and cancers are the most among them. For example, gay and bisexual men, while 46 percent incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma in patients AlDS'li, heterosexual AlDS'lilerde this frequency is around 7 per cent.

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