Fungus pneumonia

What is pneumonia Fungus

Most fungal infections are diagnosed in Turkey, aspergillosis, moniliasis (candidiasis) and aktinomikosis'dir. Histoplasmosis, a rare fungal infections in Turkey nokardiosis. Other fungi are very rare diseases.


This fungus Aspergillus infection fumigatus'dur factor. Aspergillus spores inhaled dust grains than the disease since they are seen more frequently in farmers. Aspergilluslar simple bronchitis or bronchopneumonia, sometimes cause allergic astmaya. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis in patients who used steroids and increases the chance of infection. The main symptoms of the disease is persistent cough, purulent, bloody sputum, fever and weight loss. In some patients, dyspnea, asthma symptoms like wheezing also monitored.

Intracavernous often seen as a homogeneous infiltration and Radiography. Clinical and radiological features of tuberculosis disease, cancer and similar to bronchiectasis. Husule Aspergilluslar sometimes brings intense round masses, tumors are similar, they are called misetoma or aspergilloma. Fungus balls (fungus ball) with the name of the known. X-ray appearance is similar to the tumor, but found the bed and the mass audience with a cavity between the cavity wall air space (halo), there would be helpful in differential diagnosis. Sputum appearance of Aspergillus fungi, definitive diagnosis is made.

Iodine for the treatment of aspergillosis, natamisin, nystatin, and 5 fluorositosin amlbterisin B is used. Natamisin'in suspension of 2.5% is 2.5 mg 2-3 times a day. This treatment with oral nystatin (from 500,000 to 1,000,000 units a day) will be added to better results.

Amphotericin B is a serious fungal infections, antibiotics are used. 5% glucose or dextrose solution for 1000 is given IV 6-8 hours. Usually administered dose of amphotericin B: 1 Day 1 Omg, 2 Days of 25 mg and 50 mg from day to day. Local solution of amphotericin B 10 mg of heparin to prevent venous thrombosis is made. A monthly dose of medication should not be less than 1 gm. Many drugs given to kidney impairment may occur from 5 gm. Frequent urinalysis and kidney function, every week, blood count, serum electrolytes should be examined. Nephrotoxic effect of amphotericin B major complications, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fever, chills, headache, fatigue, phlebitis, electrolytes abnormalities, and anemia. Just before the treatment given chlorpromazine (10-25 mg, IM) prevents some of these side effects.

5 fluorositosin aspergillosis, fungal diseases, such as moniliasis effective. But not as effective as amphotericin B. In severe cases, B is provided with amfote-risin. 5 fluorositosinin dose of 50-150 mg / kg / day.

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