Anesthesia Nausea and Vomiting

A very common problem in anesthesia or after surgery, although everybody will feel bad that there is a pedestal. Nal of about 3 patients who developed post-operative nausea and vomiting. Abdominal (stomach) and genital surgery, ear, nose and throat surgery, strabismus surgery, and many types of surgery such as surgery lasting more than others-this-Connection can cause vomiting. Nausea and vomiting caused by anesthesiologist in which the operation will be more to you.

Outside of the operations of some drugs used during anesthesia also are known to cause nausea and vomiting.

The most important of these drugs

Anesthetic drugs, anesthetic gases, including
Pain relievers (analgesics, especially morphine derivative) drugs.

Some patients are prone to vomiting than others because of personal characteristics. In these patients, the risk of nausea and vomiting is higher than others. Especially children, women, non-smokers, car sickness (motion sickness), those with complaints, nausea and vomiting than the ones before the surgery, the long-term survivor hungry and thirsty, for the surgery is extremely concerned about what happens duyanlarda postoperative nausea and vomiting is higher than others . Shortly after receiving anesthesia to travel may also cause nausea and vomiting.

Postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients with previous surgery the next is not a rule of nausea and vomiting, nausea and vomiting, but still if a previous operation is likely to repeat. Nausea and vomiting are usually short-lived and quickly responds to treatment. Rarely, may extend the period of several days.

Postoperative nausea and vomiting, but not very dangerous, of course, frustrating and unpleasant emotion. Especially the pain of surgery may increase belching and vomiting and food and drink starting with the beraberse can lengthen. This prolongs the duration of hospital stay.
Although the risk can never be completely eradicated, there are some precautions to be taken against nausea and vomiting. To this end

Instead of surgery, general anesthesia causes less nausea and vomiting with regional anesthesia techniques can be done.

Anesthesia as part of some anti-emetic drugs can be given to prevent vomiting.

Less. the patient regarding the appropriateness of the use of anesthetic drugs are nausea and vomiting considered.

Face mask with liquid oxygen and an intravenous cannula can be given. These treatments are usually applied to other purposes, as part of anesthesia, but is shown to be effective to reduce nausea and vomiting.

This is despite the post-operative nausea and no pre-operative planning of measures to prevent nausea will continue to treat all this time. For example, with anti-emetic drugs may be given oxygen and intravenous fluids.
It is easier to treat nausea intensified. Therefore, patients who seek help as soon as they feel badly about themselves.

Anti-emetic drugs for the treatment can be given as tablets or injection. Injections can be given intravenously or hip case. Intravenous injections are faster and more reliable effect and eliminates the need for a second needle.
Some of the anti-emetic drugs used as a different group. Sometimes the only drug treatment, drug mixtures can give better results. All drugs have side effects, but these side effects are insignificant when it comes to anti-emetikler, rare and transient. The following is an anti-emetic drugs be used frequently:

Proklorperazin (Stemetil): Rarely, tremors or involuntary body movements can cause extrapyramidal reactions, we say.
Siklizin (Valoid): Often can cause dry mouth and dizziness, and absent-mindedness.
Ondansetron (Zofran): Rarely can headache.

Dexamethasone: a single dose of steroid, although application in order to prevent nausea and vomiting, which occurred after long-term use does not cause side effects.

To prevent nausea and vomiting after surgery

Not to work or sit out of bed to get up early period.
Immediately after the operation start by eating and drinking. Start small and slowly sips of water to drink larger quantities of liquid and solid foods lighter plug.
As possible to reduce the pain of surgery. (Although the cause nausea if they are themselves in some pain relievers can cause severe pain or nausea.)
Slow, deep breaths to take.

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