Pneumothorax with chest wall between the air leakage of the lungs. Normally there is no air in the chest wall and lungs to go out here, the negative pressure is difficult to prevent. Eliminate the negative pressure in the case of air into the chest cavity genişleyemez freeing the lungs and goes out.
Pneumothorax may occur spontaneously or may be due to an illness, such as the underlying. Is called a spontaneous pneumothorax spontaneous pneumothorax. Spontaneous pneumothorax can be seen sometimes in people without any disease. This situation usually occurs in men between 20-40 years old slim and tall.
The most common cause of pneumothorax, or air sacs in the lungs of a cyst in the explosion. Chronic bronchitis, asthma, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, pneumonia ', pneumothorax can occur in lung diseases such as lung cancer. Apart from these, various traumas, such as stab or chest injuries, rib fractures and pneumothorax may occur during various medical procedures. In these cases, the blood also accumulate in the chest cavity with air.
Symptoms of pneumothorax, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough and rapid breathing export. Diagnosis is confirmed by chest x-ray.
The treatment needs to be done so that the flashing of the lung and the chest cavity to drain accumulated in the air to provide the opening. If a small amount of air accumulated in the chest cavity is resolved spontaneously within 1-2 weeks may disappear. However, large amounts of air entering the chest cavity or the chest cavity with a needle attached to a tube and discarded.
Pneumothorax 40% probably tends to recur. Thorax who had pneumonia before, to prevent repeat should stay away from cigarettes, should avoid high altitudes, scuba diving and should not have aircraft cabin pressure is set correctly.