Ankylosing spondylitis is a progressive, painful rheumatic disease. The most frequently keeps the spine, but other joints, ligaments and tendons may also be affected. Out of the bones in joints and other organs and systems can lead to destruction. Among these are the lungs and intestines.
Ankylosing spondylitis as a cause of disease is unknown. However, studies have shown that the major role of genetic predisposition. Sometimes it may occur after bowel or urinary tract infections.
Ankylosing spondylitis can occur at any age and both sexes. However, men are 3 times more than women and usually begins in the 20s. However, symptoms may occur in more advanced age. After 40 years of age is a rare condition to begin.
Ankylosing spondylitis affects the spine the most. Generally, the first held in the pelvic bones. Rump bone, especially with the wings of the pelvis and sacroiliac joint, called by the first joints affected. The initial stages of the disease in the lumbar region, particularly hardness, stiffness and pain is felt. This is because the muscle spasm. This situation improves pain relief and muscle relaxant drugs. But as the disease progresses and spreads to other parts of the spine deformities in the bones and the bones with new bone formations consists of bridging and mergers. In this case, permanent damage would have emerged.
Ankylosing spondylitis symptoms include:
District increasing the hardness, stiffness and pain
Bitterness and pain is evident especially in the morning. This condition is known as morning stiffness. As the bodies pile patients out of bed that morning, as you move express.
The initial stages of the disease is weight loss, fever, fatigue and other symptoms may occur.
Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis
The goal of treatment to reduce pain, joint action to protect openings. To reduce the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis in the treatment of various pain killers and muscle relaxant drugs and drugs used for disease development. Has no place in the treatment of surgical interventions. However, over the spine in patients with spinal deformity corrective surgery and hip replacement operations can be applied in patients with hip joint function is completely lost.
Physical therapy is an important component of treatment. In this way, the elimination of muscle spasm and joint movements are provided maintaining a normal manner.
Besides all this, for patients with ankylosing spondylitis, most importantly is to make regular exercise. The disease, significantly more slowly than those without exercise in patients without disrupting the course.