Osteoporosis is known as osteoporosis among the public. The bone thinning and losing the normal density and strength is that easy to be broken. The most commonly affects women after menopause.
Early symptoms usually do not. Initially, only low back pain may occur. Disorders of the spine and arch may occur as the disease progresses. Small fractures can occur even. This consists of fractures, especially hip and arms. However, fall-related fractures in the spine may develop. Even in patients with osteoporosis is a very advanced level of spontaneous (spontaneous) fractures can occur even.
There are various causes of osteoporosis. The main of them are as follows:
Long-term poor nutrition in terms of calcium and protein.
Low estrogen levels in postmenopausal women.
Activity decreased with age.
Cortisone type drugs. Prolonged diseases (including alcoholism).
Vitamin deficiencies (especially vitamin C).
Hyperthyroidism (excessive thyroid gland function).
In some cases, increased susceptibility to osteoporosis. Among them, remove the ovaries, the implementation of radiation therapy for ovarian cancer, body type is petite, and a family have osteoporosis, excessive alcohol use, use of drugs include a long-term cortisone use, and goiter.
Menopause with hormone therapy to prevent osteoporosis should be initiated. Outside, taking the hormone estrogen decrease bone resorption and new bone formation even with the decline of osteoporosis will be provided. Milk and milk products, calcium with or slow down osteoporosis also reported taking 1500 mg of calcium. In addition, regular exercise also has benefits. Swimming to walking more useful to prevent osteoporosis.
X-ray diagnosis of osteoporosis and bone density of bone is placed, including the medical. Bone density is possible to have information about the course of treatment with follow-up.
The aim of treatment is to cut the pain, and sometimes bone regeneration is to prevent fractures.
Simple painkillers such as paracetamol can be used for mild pain. Hot or cold application for pain management are also helpful. By a doctor of calcium, vitamin D, hormone therapy can be prescribed or fluoride. Bone loss can also be given drugs to slow or increase bone formation.
Should avoid all situations that may cause damage to patients with osteoporosis. Ice-covered streets, and wet or polished floors. Solid parapet rails must be sure that the ladder while. In addition, you may need in the town resulting from the use of corset to prevent fractures. Despite all these measures, along with osteoporosis, by taking appropriate security measures must also maintain an active life. Exercises such as walking and jogging will be useful. However, the risk of falling should be avoided absolutely.