What is Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia, directly to the brain, the fifth of the 12 pairs of nerves, "the trigeminal nerve" in the holding, is a disease characterized by severe pains. One of the most severe pain known as trigeminal neuralgia may be seen rarely and under the age of thirty. Patient, daily activities, even vital functions can not even put the situation could have and should be treated as soon as the diagnosis of a serious illness. However, patients usually wander in desperation and the head physician of the physician because of pain, despair is very difficult.
The most common cause of trigeminal neuralgia-nerve adjacent to the vascular structural differences and disorders. In addition, differences in bone structure, head of the benign or malignant masses can also cause trigeminal neuralgia.
There are three branches of the trigeminal nerve. The first of these, around the eye, and the second upper jaw and cheek, and the third sense of the lower jaw to the brain transmits. In addition, the third branch is also responsible for some of the movements of the muscles of mastication. Trigeminal neuralgia is also the third and second branches are too. Is kept at the same time in more than one branch.
Pain spread to the trigeminal nerve in the face, short-term (a few seconds to a minute or two), recurrent, electric shock style. Usually on the outside of the face, pain in the mouth that triggers the start of spots on. For this reason, the patient does not touch these areas, touch her, face washing, tooth brushing, or even avoid such functions as eating.
Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia, the patient's age, health status and cause of the underlying factors that influence the choice of treatment. Usually the first line drug therapy. Drug therapy before and during treatment in some blood of they are repeated intermittently. Acquired under control until the pain started to gradually increased doses of medication. One of the points to be aware of drug treatment, drug dose, except the physician recommendations and treatment is definitely changed, otherwise the pain would be more difficult to re-emerge and be brought under control.
Afford adequate pain control, or loses the effect of drug treatment methods are selected from the injected nerve, "glycerol" message with the nerve cut, "radiofrequency thermocoagulation with the implementation of the nerve fibers that transmit pain as the burning of controlled or" microvascular decompression as a surgical technique called the brain stem neural elimination of the pressure on. The patient's age and health status, taking into account the most appropriate method is determined by the physician.