Head and Neck Pain
The neck is one of the regions are usually neglected. In fact, a lot of neck to body connection point. Head, shoulders, arms, acts as a junction. The neck connects the head with the other parts of the body. Spinal cord, nerves and blood vessels carries. Beyond that acts as a support for head and neck. Great to have the ability to move at the same time it is open to injury and leads to strokes. Therefore, as a cause of pain in the spine takes second place after the waist. A lot of shoulder, arm and head pain in the neck muscles and other structures under the disturbances lies. Therefore, importance should be given to the neck. The purpose of this chapter is to consider the individuals need to ensure their necks, the neck pain arising from the guidance on measures to be taken on its own, with the advice of a physician when the damage done to educate about the implementation.
Neck Anatomy and Functions
Section 7 of the spine and neck vertebrae (spine) is composed from. Eighth nerve from the spinal cord, movement and sensation about the messages (including pain), head and shoulders, chest and arms to bring the leads. 4 main artery carrying blood from the heart and head through the neck.
Cervical spine (neck) by C1-C7 in the neck vertebrae are numbered from top to bottom. Neck vertebrae are felt all the rough edges, spine connecting muscle and ligaments stick here. Gentle spinal vertebrae have a structure which passes through the center and they are protected by. Cervical nerves are branches of pine trees and small holes in the interests between the vertebrae called foramina.
Between the vertebrae are attached to them, the "disc" of cartilage-like structures called there, they absorb shock effects, preventing access. Just like discs between the lumbar vertebrae, the neck vertebrae located between the hard disks in a gelatinous center surrounded by a connective tissue capsule has formed. However, the neck vertebrae in the lumbar spine, such as that provided from the left to the back regions of the facet joints are connected to each other.
The neck of the spine will move much more than any other place. Always holding the head upright and move the numerous combinations of three basic, a powerful and flexible system of muscle and ligaments.
Head up-down (90 degree angles), when shaken, the neck vertebrae in the liquid gently squeezed between the discs. Flexion of the head to bend forward, backward bend called the extension.
Head shaking from side to side (about 180 degrees) rotation on each other makes the neck vertebrae.
Head and shoulders tilted (about 120 degrees) muscles on one side, on the other side are stretched. In the center of the C4, C5 and C6 vertebrae more than the bending motion takes place. Tilted head jammed on the foramina.
Neck, spinal cord, nerves and blood vessels, such as the protection of the structures. Pain from the neck, skull, face, ears, shoulders, arms, hands, fingers, and sometimes can be felt in regions such as the rib cage. This is called referred pain.