Headache is a problem faced by all people from time to time. There is no man at various times throughout his life to complain of headaches. Daily life stresses the common cold, anemia high blood pressure can cause headaches through to the many factors.
Headaches should be evaluated in two ways. The first signs of various diseases, headache, headache, and the second as a disease in itself. The first group of headache pain are suddenly called acute pain. Another symptom of an underlying disease, these headaches. Generally, eye, ear, nose and throat diseases, diseases caused by teeth that can lead to pain. Usually this type of headache diagnosis and treatment easier.
Space occupying tumor in the head, however, headaches, brain bleeding may be a symptom of a disease such as organic. Therefore, persons without complaints of this kind of advance in the diagnosis of acute headache should be very careful. Additionally, the sudden onset of headaches, high blood pressure, nervous system or other systems in a variety of hormonal diseases and diseases resulting from infection (infectious diseases) may also occur as a manifestation.
Other groups have long been known as the headaches are the headaches, chronic headaches. A state of chronic headache is to take both personal and social problem. Severe chronic headaches, pain in his life's work attracted, significantly affects social life, lowers the quality of life and can not enjoy life makes. Therefore, chronic headaches must be considered as a symptom of disease rather than the disease itself and treatment path are determined. The most frequently seen in chronic tension-type headache and migraine headache. This shows similarities to two types of headache, and sometimes the diagnosis can be difficult to distinguish while.
For diagnosis, the patient's pain is very valuable information about the will. For this reason, patients are analyzed in detail, asked questions of the following:
When did the pain?
How often I come from?
Although the severity of pain?
How the shape of the pain? (Throbbing? Astringent? Blunt? Sharp?)
What are the factors that increase and reduce the pain?
What are the other symptoms accompanying pain? (Nausea, vomiting, visual disturbances, etc.)
In addition, the patient's pain during the behavioral changes, biography, family history and mental status should be asked. All the answers to these questions will lead physician diagnosis and appropriate treatment will be made accordingly.
Head pain when evaluating a patient is required to make a detailed inquiry. The following points should be investigated during this inquiry:
1. What are the structures that cause pain in the head?
2. Where the pain is felt from these structures?
3. Which sensory pathways and forwarded to the top attractions?
4. What are the treatment measures should be considered?
Mechanism of headache is
Headache is a very complex phenomenon. Headache according to etiologic agents are deemed responsible for several mechanisms, both central and regional systems play a role in the emergence of headache. Here, direct pressure on pain-sensitive structures, stress, or the withdrawal of these structures, expansion of blood vessels that provides blood supply to these structures, muscle contraction and inflammation (inflammation) are among the reasons. In addition, the nervous system and the secretion of hormones secreted by the hormonal system, that allows communication between nerves, muscles, nerves, and between each other chemicals called neurotransmitters play a role in migraine headache.