Side Effects of Radiotherapy in Breast Cancer

Breast cancer radiotherapy side

The severity of injury may develop secondary to radiation, the radiation dose and duration of exposure to radiation in a manner proportional to the increase. Today, a daily dose of 2 Gy daily fractions with 50 Gy RT 25 days. These doses increased the frequency of adverse effects on the exits. Advanced RT techniques has decreased the introduction of radiation toxicity. Common side effects of breast cancer patients:

a) Lymphedema: Breast cancer is the most common complication after treatment. Accordingly, the functional damage may result in morbidity. Increased risk of axillary dissection and axillary RT is applied. Treatment of nonpharmacologic approaches such as massage and exercise.

b) the skin-breast complications: The most common are breast swelling. Motion of the muscle pain, incision pain, rib pain, erythema, and fibrosis may occur.

c) Brachial plexopathy: gy-dose RT and 50 during the one seen in the incidence of complications increases.

d) Pulmonary sequelae: In general, the implementation of more than 1 month after RT are observed. Irradiated lung volume in the development of risk associated with radiation pneumonitis.

e) The cardiac sequelae: Especially on the left hand is seen in patients irradiated. The treatment of ischemic heart disease may occur after 15-20 years. However, cardiac morbidity decreased with modern RT techniques. Sometimes a decrease in ejection fraction and cardiac wall motion changes after RT can be monitored.

f) Stroke: carotid artery stenosis in patients treated with RT FNA was thought to be acceleration in the development of the recent studies of other risk factors (hypertension, high LDL, etc.) RT is under control with no significant association was found between the stroke.

g) against radiotherapy and breast cancer: breast cancer risk for patients receiving RT In theory, despite the increase in radiation protection techniques, this risk is minimized today.

h) The development of secondary cancers: lung and esophagus cancer, leukemia and sarcoma can be seen.

i) breast angiosarcoma after RT: The first appearance of the skin is similar to an unexpected change in late radiation dermatitis is continued post RT in terms of angiosarcoma should be suspected. The actual tumor of about 2 years. RT average 3.5 years after treatment, are diagnosed.

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